HACCP, or the Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point system, identifies possible hazards in the food production process and monitors and controls each step of the process to prevent them.
Properly refrigerating meat and poultry, thoroughly cooking meat and poultry, keeping raw meat and poultry separate form cooked and ready-to-eat foods and refrigerating and cooking leftovers to prevent bacterial growth are some of the measures that consumers can implement on their own.
The Food and Drug Administration is an agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services. It is responsible for protecting and promoting public health through the regulation and supervision of food and drugs. Food safety, dietary supplements, tobacco products, cosmetics, medications and related activities like blood transfusions, medical devices, electromagnetic radiation, etc come under its supervision.
The branch of the FDA that is responsible for ensuring the safety and correct labeling of nearly all food products in the United States is the Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. But the United States Department of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection Service controls meat products derived from traditional domesticated animals, such as cattle and chickens.
The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is an agency of the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India. Protecting and promoting public health through the regulation and supervision of food safety comes under this agency. It was established under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006.
A non-executive Chairperson appointed by the Central Government from amongst the persons of eminence in the field of food science or from amongst the persons from the administration, who have been associated with the subject and have been a Secretary to the Government of India, leads the Agency. With the Headquarters at New Delhi and 5 regional offices, the Agency runs 4 referral laboratories and 72 local laboratories.
ISO, or The International Organization for Standardization, is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations. It was founded on 23 February 1947 and promotes proprietary, industrial and commercial standards all over the world. Its headquarters is in Geneva, Switzerland.
The United Nations Economic and Social Council has granted it general consultative status. The letters ISO is adopted from the Greek world isos which means equal, because the abbreviation of the name of the agency was different in different languages, like IOS in English. Members of ISO meet annually at a General Assembly and discuss strategic objectives. The Central Secretariat based in Geneva coordinates the organization.
According to Islamic laws Halal is any object or an action which is permissible. Under Islamic Shari ah, Halal foods are foods that Muslims are allowed to eat or drink. Foods, especially animal foods, come under certain criteria to be met as precondition to being treated as Halal. These criteria include matters like its source, the method of killing and the method of processing.
Halal practices in the case of slaughtering animals include invoking the name of Allah before slaughtering and using a sharp knife and cutting the throat, windpipe and the blood vessels in the neck. The spinal cord must not be cut and the blood from the veins must be drained. Muslims have to ensure that all foods and non-food items like cosmetics and pharmaceutical products are Halal, as these may contain animal by-products that are not permissible for Muslims.